7. Providing Culturally Safe Care with an Indigenous Lens


Explore the history of Indigenous people in Canada and the role of colonialism in marginalizing Indigenous people and their access to health care.

Learn strategies for providing culturally safer care with a trauma informed approach including implementing Calls to Action for health care from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and using the concept of two-eyed seeing.

Image credit: Brian Sinclair Mural, by Stephen Gladue 2020


Course Overview

Learning Outcomes

At the end of this course, students will be able to:

  • Explain who the Indigenous, Metis, and Inuit people of Canada are, where they live and the challenges they face in accessing health care services.
  • Identify the negative effects of the Indian Act, colonialism, residential schools, racism, and bias on the Indigenous peoples of Canada.
  • Identify the Truth and Reconciliation Calls to Action for health care and explain ways the PSW can enact these in their practice.
  • Identify strategies for providing culturally safer palliative care for an Indigenous person or a person from any different culture.
  • Explain how to provide palliative care with a trauma-informed approach for any person with a life-limiting illness.  



In this course you will need:

  1. Access to a printer for course documents
  2. A writing journal or notebook for writing reflections and course notes.


Google Chrome is the recommended internet browser for these courses.



To be able to complete the quiz and submit it for grading, you must open every slide in every module.

Failure to open all slides may prevent you from submitting your quiz for grading.


Module 1 A Brief Introduction to the Indigenous Peoples of Canada

This module provides an overview of the Indigenous people who live in Canada - who they are, where they live, and some of the challenges they face.

Module 2 Exploring the Effects of Colonialism on Indigenous People

Colonialism began long ago, and negatively affected the health and welfare of Indigenous people.

This module details the Indian Act, effects of residential schools and the '60s scoop, and discussed the roles of racism and systemic bias in preventing Indigenous people from accessing health care and resources.





Module 3 Calls to Action, and Two-Eyed Seeing

In this module, the report from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission is discussed, in terms of the calls to action for health care. Learn how PSWs can support these calls to action, as well as to use two-eyed seeing as a way to bring Indigenous ways and Western ways together in providing health care.

Module 4 Providing for Culturally-Safe Care

Develop ways to provide culturally safe care with a trauma-informed approach.

Module 5 Quiz

Welcome to the final module for this course.

Requirements: 70% or greater to pass the course.

3 opportunities to pass the quiz.

The answer key is shown only after you have passed the quiz.

Check here before starting the quiz

Have you viewed, or clicked on all slides of all modules?

If you have missed any slides, the quiz will NOT be graded.

You will know you have missed slides if you submit the quiz for grading, and you do not get a grade for it within minutes.

How to fix this

  1. Go back into the modules, select "Menu" in the top left (red circle in image below). This view displays all the slides in the module. 
  2. A viewed slide will have a check mark beside it (Red arrows are pointing at the check marks).
  3. If a slide does not have a check mark beside it, click the title to set it as viewed. A check mark will appear.
  4. Repeat this process for all modules of the course.
  5. When finished, open the quiz module. You will now be able to submit the quiz for grading.